話し方|Talk!

[QUIZ] Practise: Particle Accelerator!! Existential Verbs| 「に」/「が」/「は」+「いる」/「ある」|Here, There, and Everywhere|| Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Japanese Language Learning Essentials

 皆様みんなさま、こんにちにゃあぁ!Welcome to Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online! When you’re out there, trying to navigate your way through Japanese language and culture, we’re your cartographers, providing you a map and a route to your destination. But, during that journey, you can count on us to be there in the passengers seat, pointing you towards the way you need to go, and letting you take the wheel. We’re Kiki and Koko, your guides to Japanese language and culture! And, this time, we’re letting you take the wheel, again. Or if you’re not quite ready to go full speed ahead, we’re letting you walk out in front of us whilst you look look to us for helpful hints along the way. Whether you’re confidently here to test your skills or just here practise, this is your time!

MOSHED-2020-4-10-22-25-12

If you haven’t already, be sure to take a look at our monster of a lesson (most realistically over the course of a few sittings): Here, There, and Everywhere| Existential Verbs| 「に」/「が」+「いる」/「ある」|| Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Japanese Language Learning Essentials

Though reading and revision is important to learning, going out and actually putting said ideas into practise can be invaluable! Even in our lessons, we’re sure to provide step-by-step instructions to allow you to practise these concepts on your own and even think through them in an organised way. But, there’s still something to be said for physically putting these ideas to the test, being given options, then choosing which is most appropriate. Sometimes instructions can box some people’s minds into a train of thought that might not be able to be properly challenged. Knowing what sounds correct isn’t the only skill you’ll need, but also knowing what sounds incorrect! This skill can take time to hone, but it’s worth it at any level. Whilst fill-in-the-blank answers are perfect and open-ended, for people just beginning to test their skills and practise, building more pathways and ruling out other answers with multiple choice can be irreplaceable.

existential verbs quiz - pt1 - thumbnailSo, if you haven’t already, be sure to check the previous quiz in order to know which prerequisites you’ll need to get the most out of this quiz / practice session. And, if anything it should be useful to use to practise the ideas once more before jumping back into this. This time, we’ll also be thinking about existential verbs, but we’ll be shifting slightly towards particles. And, we admit, particles can be tricky, but no worries! We’ll be there every step of the way. If you want to try again, you can always refresh the page and try again immediately, or restart it again in another sitting in order to properly. Believe us, there’s no pressure to get all of these correct on your first try.  If you are very confident in particles and you do happen to get them all correct, then good on you! But, if you’re here to practise, then also good on you! Making mistakes is an important way to learn, and whilst it’s fun to keep yourself in a comfortable bubble where you know everything perfectly, it’s most useful to push yourself out of that comfort zone in order to learn new things. Then, with time, this will become that comfort zone where you can come back and remind yourself of how far you’ve progressed.

Also! Before we begin, don’t worry if you don’t know every vocabulary word used. As long as you understand the parts of speech, you should be just fine. And, you may end up revising or learning new vocabulary along the way!

And with that, it’s time to continue our journey! Let’s do our best, and: Let’s NihonGO!!



Particle Acceleration! (Pt.2)

Choosing the correct existential verb in relation to the particles used| お使いされた助詞に関して正しい存在動詞をお選びする

In this, we’re just warming up. You’ll have to pay mind to whether いる or ある is the most appropriate, but this time, you’re also going to have to have a look at the particles to know how it will be used where there are ‘exceptions’ for ある because of its connection to です.


Sentence 1:

私たちは 地球上に [います・あります]。
watashitachi wa chikyuujou ni  [imasu / arimasu] .
We [are] on Earth.

この場合には、「います」と「あります」と どっちが 正しいですか。
Which is correct in this scenario: 「います」or「あります」?
います (imasu)  
○Correct!!正解!In this case, the particle is just indicating location adverbially.
あります (arimasu)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Sentence 2:

これは ナイフでは なくて、スプーン [いる・ある]。
kore wa naifu de wa nakute, supuun de  [iru / aru].
That is not a knife, it [is] a spoon

この場合には、「います」と「あります」と どっちが 正しいですか。
Which is correct in this scenario: 「います」or「あります」?
あります (arimasu)
○Correct!!正解!We see you’ve played knifey-spoony before!
います (imasu)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!  Have another look at that particle, perhaps?

Sentence 3:

 今も まだ [います・あります]か。
samurai wa ima mo mada  [imasu / arimasu] ka?
[Are]there still samurai?

この場合には、「います」と「あります」と どっちが 正しいですか。
Which is correct in this scenario: 「います」or「あります」?
います (imasu)  
○Correct!!正解!In this case, the particle is just indicating the general topic.
あります (arimasu)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   


Choosing the correct particles| 正しい助詞をお選びする

Now, it’s your turn! Try your best to choose the correct particle. It may be a bit tricky, but no worries, just think of it as useful practice. This is definitely a bit advanced for absolute beginners, but it can still serve as a useful learning opportunity. In this, you’ll need to pay attention to the part of speech or the function that the particle is emphasising. We’ll give you an example so that you aren’t completely on your own. Or, if you want to really test your skills, then just scroll a bit and try to ignore the example:

This will be focusing on particles:「は」「が」and「に」, expressing who has it, what they have, and where they have it.

ビリーくんは バックパックに ノートが あります。
びりーくんは ばっくぱっくに のーとが あります。
biriikun wa bakkupakku ni nooto ga arimasu.
Billy has a notebook in (his) backpack.

However! There will be exceptions to this, but hopefully this helps you with the less than simple sentences. Let’s give it a go!


Sentence 1:

宇宙人は どこ [が・に・は] [います・あります]か。
uchuujin wa doko [が・に・は] [imasu / arimasu] ka?
Where [are] the aliens?

この文に 適切な助詞と 正しい存在動詞を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable particle and correct  for this sentence.
に います (ni imasu)  
○Correct!!正解!In this case, the particle is meant to indicate location
に あります (ni arimasu)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
が あります (ga arimasu)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
は います (wa arimasu)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Sentence 2:

興子ちゃん[が・に・は] 部屋に あのレコード [が・に・は] [います・あります]。
koukochan[ga・ni・wa] 部屋に あのレコード [ga・ni・wa] [imasu・arimasu]。Koko [has] that  record in her room.

この文に 適切な助詞と 正しい存在動詞を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable particle and correct  for this sentence.
 興子ちゃん[] 部屋に あのレコード [] [あります]。 koukochan[wa] 部屋に あのレコード [ga] [arimasu]。  
○Correct!!正解!
興子ちゃん[] 部屋に あのレコード [] [います]。 koukochan[ni] 部屋に あのレコード [ni] [imasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
興子ちゃん[] 部屋に あのレコード [] [います]。 koukochan[wa] 部屋に あのレコード [ga] [imasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
興子ちゃん[] 部屋に あのレコード [] [あります]。 koukochan[ga] 部屋に あのレコード [wa] [arimasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Sentence 3:

嬉嬉ちゃんの 戸棚[が・に・は] ユーフオー[が・に・は] [います・あります]。
kikichan no todana [ga・ni・wa] yuufoo [ga・ni・wa] [imasu・arimasu]。
Kiki [has] a UFO [in] her cupboard.

この文に 適切な助詞と 正しい存在動詞を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable particle and correct  for this sentence.
 嬉嬉ちゃんの 戸棚[] ユーフオー[] [あります]。
kikichan no todana [ni] yuufoo [ga] [arimasu]。  
○Correct!!正解!
嬉嬉ちゃんの 戸棚[] ユーフオー[] [あります]。
kikichan no todana [ga] yuufoo [ni] [arimasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
嬉嬉ちゃんの 戸棚[] ユーフオー[] [います]。
kikichan no todana [wa] yuufoo [ni] [imasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
嬉嬉ちゃんの 戸棚[] ユーフオー[] [います]。
kikichan no todana [ni] yuufoo [ga] [arimasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Sentence 4 :

興子ちゃん[が・に・は] スウェーデン語[が・に・は] 興味[が・に・は] [います・あります]。
koukochan [ga・ni・wa] suueedengo [ga・ni・wa] kyoumi [ga・ni・wa] [imasu・arimasu]。
Koko [has] an interest [in] the Swedish language.

この文に 適切な助詞と 正しい存在動詞を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable particle and correct  for this sentence.
 興子ちゃん[] スウェーデン語[] 興味[] [あります]。
koukochan [wa] suueedengo [ni] kyoumi [ga] [arimasu]。  
○Correct!!正解!
興子ちゃん[] スウェーデン語[] 興味[] [あります]。
koukochan [ni] suueedengo [ga] kyoumi [ni] [arimasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
 興子ちゃん[] スウェーデン語[] 興味[] [います]。
koukochan [wa] suueedengo [ga] kyoumi [wa] [imasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
興子ちゃん[] スウェーデン語[] 興味[] [います]。
koukochan [wa] suueedengo [ni] kyoumi [ga] [imasu]。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Sentence 5 :

彼女[が・に・は] ペット[が・に・は] [います・あります]か。
kanojo [ga・ni・wa] petto [ga・ni・wa] [imasu・arimasu]ka。
Does she (have) a pet?

この文に 適切な助詞と 正しい存在動詞を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable particle and correct  for this sentence.
 彼女[] ペット[] [います]か。
kanojo [wa] petto [ga] [imasu]ka。  
○Correct!!正解!
彼女[] ペット[] [あります]か。
kanojo [ni] petto [ni] [arimasu]ka。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
彼女[] ペット[] [あります]か。
kanojo [wa] petto [ga] [arimasu]ka。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
彼女[] ペット[] [います]か。
kanojo [ni] petto [wa] [imasu]ka。
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   


Answering with the correct particles| 正しい助詞でお答えする

Let’s take it one step further with one last particle activity! In this segment, you’re going to choose answers that have the correct particles and grammar in response to the questions. The information itself doesn’t have to apply to you, though. Just focus on the grammar, particles, and existential verbs used.

Let’s do our best!


Question 1 :

車の 鍵を 見かけなかったですか?
kuruma no kagi wo mikakenakatta desuka?
Have you seen my car keys?

この場合には 適切な文を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable sentence for this case.
 はい、車の鍵は あそこに あります。
hai, kuruma no kagi wa asoko ni arimasu.  
○Correct!!正解!’Yes, (your) keys are over there.’
はい、車の鍵に あそこが あります。
hai, kuruma no kagi ni asoko ga arimasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
はい、車の鍵は あそこが います。
hai, kuruma no kagi wa asoko ga imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
はい、車の鍵は あそこに います。
hai, kuruma no kagi wa asoko ni imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Question 2 :

花見に いなり寿司は どこですか。
hanami ni inarizushi wa doko desuka?
Where is the inarizushi for Hanami?

この場合には 適切な文を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable sentence for this case.
(Hint: ‘The inarizushi is in the refrigerator.’)
 いなり寿司は 冷蔵庫に あります。
inarizushi wa reizouko ni arimasu.  
○Correct!!正解!
いなり寿司に 冷蔵庫が あります。
inarizushi ni reizouko ga arimasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
いなり寿司は 冷蔵庫に います。
inarizushi wa reizouko ni imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
いなり寿司が 冷蔵庫は います。
inarizushi ga reizouko wa imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Question 3 :

嬉嬉ちゃんは どこですか。
Kikichan wa doko desuka?
Where is Kiki?

この場合には 適切な文を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable sentence for this case.
(Hint: Kiki is at home.)
 
 嬉嬉ちゃんは 家に います。
Kikichan wa ie ni imasu.  
○Correct!!正解!
嬉嬉ちゃんに 家が います。
kikichan ni ie ga imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
嬉嬉ちゃんに 家が あります
kikichan ni ie ga arimasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
嬉嬉ちゃんは 家が あります。
Kikichan wa ie ga arimasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Question 4 :

僕は レジャーシートを 持ってきた。それは何?
boku wa rejyaashiito wo mottekita. sore wa nani?
I brought the picnic blanket. What is that?

この場合には 適切な文を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable sentence for this case.
(Important Hint: ‘These are daifuku mochi.’)
 
これらは 大福もちで あります。
korera wa daifuku mochi de arimasu.  
○Correct!!正解!
これらは 大福もちが あります。
korera wa daifuku mochi  ga arimasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
これらは 大福もちで います。
korera wa daifuku mochi  de imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
これらに 大福もちで います。
korera ni daifuku mochi  de imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   

Question 5 :

彼女の 専門は 何ですか?
kanojo no senmon wa nandesuka?
What is her area of expertise? (i.e. profession)

この場合には 適切な文を お選びしてください。
Please choose the suitable sentence for this case.
(Important Hint: ‘She is a university teacher’ | Hint #2: She is a university(‘s) teacher.)
 
彼女は 大学の 教師で あります。
kanojo wa daigaku no kyoushi de arimasu.  
○Correct!!正解!
彼女に 大学が 教師の あります。
kanojo ni daigaku ga kyoushi no arimasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
彼女が 大学は 教師に います。
kanojo ga daigaku wa kyoushi ni imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   
彼女は 大学の 教師で います。
kanojo wa daigaku no kyoushi de imasu.
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!   


Wowee, how did you do? If you completed this to study, did you learn a bit more about particles? If you did this to test your skills, did you get many correct? Even if you didn’t get many correct in either case, the important part is understanding the concepts and getting a feel for which particles are natural and their functions. Many sentences would be quite gibberish with the wrong existential verb, but with a different particle, it could either make gibberish OR an entirely different meaning to the sentence. If you’re in need of more puzzles to solve, you can always go through the incorrect answers and try to figure out if they make a real sentence or just silliness, or a silly but real sentence. The possibilities for learning are endless! But, hopefully, this served you well in the meantime. If you still don’t feel confident with your particles, as well, that is alright! It takes a bit of time and effort before these things become natural. Just be patient with yourself and give it your best. And, we’ll continue to do our best giving you the tools you need to understand these concepts, survive in Japanese language, and eventually thrive in communication!

Speaking of communication, you probably noticed a lot of hiragana used in today’s lesson in order to help you practise your reading. But, if you’d like to unobscure some of the characters we used, have a look at our Reading and Writing sections to revise / review / study. It will help your pronunciation, and reading and reading are essential to learning any language. If you want to make sure your Japanese language survival kit is stocked with the latest tools, you can make sure you stay up to date by subscribing to the Electronic Mailing List of Tomorrow, today, found usually at the bottom of the site page or the sidebar on desktop. You’ll get the latest tools and resources to surviving in Japanese language in straight to your inbox. That’s articles, videos, podcasts, and more.

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