皆様、こんにちにゃあぁ！Welcome to Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online! We’re Kiki and Koko, your guides to Japanese language and culture! And, though we’ll be there for you along every step of the way of your Japanese language learning journey, each step of the way should hopefully become more natural and enjoyable. For this to occur, it’s important to not only become used to the path, but be able to apply your skills to other paths along the way. Japanese language is like a beautiful forest, but without the skills to traverse it, you may not be able to trek it properly in order to enjoy it. There are difficult terrains and sometimes unexpected cliffs, but with practise and gained intuition, you’ll be able to enjoy it as adding to the uniqueness of the language. That is why we’ve joined forces with QUIZBO™, our seemingly sentient robot computer friend, to create a bit of a digital flashcard set with scenarios to assist you in practising the current concepts: demonstrative pronouns and adverbs!
Unlike other types of vocabulary, this practice will only prove useful if you’ve already revised the previous lessons. This is because it’s more to do with applying the grammatical logic of it rather than simply translating. So, before you begin, we definitely recommend you have a good look at parts one through three of our Basic Japanese Demonstratives lessons. No worries having to search for them yourself or even lifting a finger as we have them right here for you!
In the previous lessons, we explained the basics of 指示語, shijigo, otherwise known as こそあど言葉, kosoado kotoba. The term こそあど言葉, kosoado kotoba, proves very useful in mentally visualising the locations of each 指示詞, shijishi. Now, these concepts are true to all of 指示語, shijigo, however the words change the part of speech. Because of the different parts of speech, the meanings can vary just due to the nature of each part of speech and more abstract concepts, but they still have the same feeling across the proverbial board.
And though we’ve mentioned it in the previous lessons, we definitely want to make sure you know the basics of 疑問詞, gimonshi, Japanese question words, before we begin the proper practising. We’ll be using these to ask a lot of the questions in this session, so it will prove to be useful in revising how to use 疑問詞, gimonshi. You’ll be able to understand a bit more about the usage as well as sort of connecting them with how each 指示詞, shijishi, are used in respect to their part of speech. Their corresponding question word is usually able to be replaced in the same part of the sentence. Oddly enough, you’ll notice that each part of a Japanese sentence can be very flexible in its placement depending on intention and emphasis. It’s not going to be hugely important to knowing how to answer these questions, but it’s just something useful to keep in mind for future reference.
Of course, we want to get you started with your practise, but keeping grammar in mind, in order to understand how to answer these as well as being able to properly practise these outside of this, as well, you’ll need a general idea of basic Japanese grammar. Making sentences would be difficult without…well.. knowing how to make a sentence! So, be sure to give yourself the best chance at learning and making the most of each study session by having a look at our previous lessons concerning grammar which is linked beside this text. While it’s useful to look up grammar and vocabulary concept by concept with our main page, it’s very useful to go through the lessons chronologically, as each concept builds on one another. But, do whatever clicks best in your mind!
How to Use This| これの使い方
Getting the best from your study session
So, this may be a bit different to our usual quizzes, as it won’t technically be multiple choice, which makes it more of a practice than a quiz. Here’s the whole of it: We’ll present you with a scenario, and you’ll have to choose from one of the こそあど言葉, kosoado kotoba. You can either leave another window or tab open with them or you can just refer to the word bank at the top. In each question, you’ll have to mentally picture the given scenario in order to choose which word is most appropriate. We’ll try to make these apply to the basic usages unless mentioned otherwise so that you can practise using these in day-to-day life! If you have any questions, feel free to ask us for assistance, and we’ll do our best to help.
Demonstrative Pronoun and Adverb Practice
（ どれ + どちら / どっち）
You’re at the パン屋, panya, (bakery) with a glass case full of fun pastries in the shapes of different cute characters filled with a veritable smörgåsbord of flavours. They are two rows deep, so if you point to one, it could mean either the one closest to you or closest to the attendant at the till.
The attendant asks:
何になさいますか？(nani ni nasaimasuka?)
What’ll you have?
メロンパン一つにします。（meronpan hitotsu ni shimasu.)
One melon bread.
Ready to get the bread for you, they ask:
どちらはよろしいですか (dochira wa yoroshii desuka)
Which would you like?
You want the one that’s closest to the attendant.
That (one) please.
You’re at a fancy デパート,depaato, (department store) where the clothes are quite high on the wall so they are difficult to reach. You ask an attendant if they can assist you in procuring an item.
Getting the long hanger reacher to help, they ask:
どこでございますか? (doko de gozaimasuka?)
Where is it?
The item you want is on the far wall, equally far away from both you and the attendant.
(It is) (over) there.
You’re at a friend’s house. Their cool uncle who works at Intendo brought them Σario themed candy from a special video game conference. They empty the bag onto the table and ask:
どれがほしいの？(dore ga hoshii no?)
Which (one) do you want?
There’s a plum flavoured Maruigi candy you want that’s located closest to you
ああ、○○ほしいなあ (aa, ○○hoshii naa)
Ohh, I want ____.
Ohh, I want this (one).
You’re at a large convention and you’ve been separated from your friend by a crowd of people in fancy dress. You hear your friend calling out for you:
[Your Name]、どこにいますか？？ ([Your Name], doko ni imasuka??)
[Your Name], where are you??
You hear them, they’re far away, but you call out from the sea of people with your hand in the air waving, hoping they see you and hear you:
○○だよ！！ (○○da yo!!)
Now, it may not be the easiest if you’re just beginning, but maybe you can give these next ones a try! You don’t have to know the other vocabulary words to answer, just the main demonstratives. We’re sure these will become natural with time. We’re cheering you on!
You’re phoning a friend that lives relatively far away on the other side of town. They offer:
ここに遊びに来たい？(koko ni asobi ni kitai?)
Want to come here to hang out? (lit. play)
Your car is either in the garage or non-existant, so you wonder if the bus runs there—to where your friend lives.
バスは○○まで運行するの？(basu wa ○○ made unkou suru no? )
Do busses run ____ (lit. until___)
Do the busses run there? (lit. ‘until there’)
You’re talking with your friend who also lives in the UK about when you went to a countryside area of Japan called Nikko. You talk about the amazing time you had exploring, and say:
また○○に行きたいなあ (mata ○○ ni ikitai naa )
I want to go ____ again…
I want to go (back)there again…
You and an old friend are talking about a long time ago when when you visited a 図書館, toshokan (library) where you used to study together and play computer games.
最近、○○に行ったことある？(saikin, ○○ ni itta koto aru?)
Have you been ____ recently?
Have you been (back) there recently?
You’re getting ready for dinner with your boss. You’ve invited them in order to make a good impression to get that big promotion that’s become available. You’re torn betwixt a bright red tuxedo and a sequin covered jumper. You don’t want to be too overstated, so you ask your friend through video chat for advice between the two options:
○○が 似合っていますか？( ○○ ga niatteimasuka?)
____ suits me?
Which (one) suits me?
And, that’s all for today! Maybe you can try to create some of your own sentences using examples like these? It’s sometimes difficult to find very focused practice opportunities, so we hope that this assisted you in these previously introduced demonstratives as well as your Japanese language learning! Perhaps you used this to learn a few new extra vocabulary words as well? There are learning opportunities all around you! In the very beginning, it’s important to have the structures of language like grammar and such in order to properly take all of the opportunities you come across. It’s always important not to take every new word you learn on the streets and in the wild at face value, though. There are many interesting stories from people of many language learning journeys as well as young children who hear words for the first time and assume or infer, but then find the word didn’t quite mean what they thought. Making mistakes is an important way to learn, but always be careful out there!
You’ll have even more learning opportunities once you can read basic Japanese characters. You can have a look at our Reading and Writing sections where we’ll teach you how to read and write in Japanese. It will help your pronunciation, and it’s essential to learning any language. If you want to make sure your Japanese language survival kit is stocked with the latest tools, you can make sure you stay up to date by subscribing to the Electronic Mailing List of Tomorrow, today, found usually at the bottom of the site page or the sidebar on desktop. You’ll get the latest tools and resources to surviving in Japanese language in straight to your inbox. That’s articles, videos, podcasts, and more.
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