皆様, こんにちにゃあぁ！Welcome to Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online, proving each lesson that the B-side can be just as full of the greatest hits. We’re your hosts, your guides, and your Japanese language and culture teachers, Kiki and Koko! And, we’re flipping this Japanese language lesson cassette to the other side, but here, you can rewind as many times as you like without your tape turning into a long entanglement of 刻みのり, kizami nori. Instead of using your pencil to rewind a ramen noodle bowl of magnetic strips, you can use them to practise writing and compose some sentences~! Usually, we’ll lead you out to new and unknown places in these lessons, but today, we’re continuing to focus on a more familiar setting. And, this is the 教室, kyoushitsu! On 「ＴＡＰＥ１」, we introduced some nouns you may find, even in your everyday life, which can help you further ingrain these vocabulary words into your mind, whether it’s during a school day or in the office. But, learning isn’t always so simple, as it’s important to connect concepts to the words in order to solidify them in your memory, making them more concrete concepts. As creating simple sentences can be useful, we’re going to expand upon this even further, giving you more adjectives to associate with these concepts. So, keep your mobile phone out during this class, and work at your own pace, because we’re teaching you more classroom adjectives!
We introduced some very useful adjectives you’ll want to start with in the first lesson, but if you haven’t reached that stage, yet, you would also benefit from going to the previous noun lessons to assist you. While these adjectives are useful for describing anything, they’re being introduced at this time to help you memorise these vocabulary words. Though we try to stray from the classroom setting as it’s a normal and relatable theme, that’s oddly why we reckoned it important to cover early on! Again, these are objects and adjectives you’ll encounter almost every day. And, that’s one very useful way to learn. It’s about multiple exposures, but it’s also about the feeling of accomplishment. You’re more likely to feel like you’re progressing further when you’re learning words you’ll use every day. (Take that, Pythagoras!) But, of course, it’s beneficial to prepare for subjects that you may not have anticipated, which can also expand your skills and ability to learn even more.
Often, we’ll see and hear students saying they don’t want to waste their time with certain things because they think it will take up too much space in their mind they could use for other things, but that’s not really how the human brain works. The human brain has seemingly infinite storage capacity— a capacity that’s been theorised to be about 2.5 petabytes, which is more than the largest data warehouse in the world run by Yahoo! (Mind you, ‘Yahoo!’ is more relevant in the rest of the world, and even beats Google in Japan.) But, to put it into terms that may be more tangible, that’s almost 5 billion books worth of information. Have you ever had to memorise lines for a play? Well, even if it were the speech from Hamlet or that barely made even 1 in 5.000.000.000 (5 billion).
So, if you ever feel like you’re pushing other things out of your mind when you’re learning new things, it’s just means… you never really saved those items to your long term memory. Anything you forget, you probably never actually learned, which is why studying just to take a test leads to a a good deal of knowledge being lost to short term memory. A lot of memorisation is simply rote memory, repeating something over and over. This should be looked at as cathartic, but if you are overwhelmed by this method, multiple exposures over time as well as associating the words and phrases with as many senses as possible should act in a similar fashion.
When you encounter these words in day-to-day life, just remember, say them to yourself or write it down, return to listen to it again to be sure you’re saying it correctly, and repeat!
We covered this concept in the previous lesson, as well as how to ask ‘what is the antonym/opposite of ___’, but we reckoned it important to mention again as to get you into the proper mental space. Learning opposites, or antonyms, can be a useful way to learn more than one vocabulary word at once whilst feeling as though you’re only learning one concept. It rounds out the vocabulary and connects ideas to it, making it feel more tangible and visualisable.
Simple Survival Sentence Study
Pʀᴇᴠɪᴏᴜsʟʏ ᴏɴ Kɪᴋɪ+Kᴏᴋᴏ: Lᴇᴛ’s NɪʜᴏɴGO!!… We were sure to mention the importance of applying your knowledge. Whether you’re just beginning, or you’re a bit further along, using these vocabulary words in sentences is a vital step to learning. Of course, there’s no rush to memorise all of these in one go, but it can definitely assist you in practising your grammar and sentence creation which is an imprtant part of surviving in Japanese language~! But, the goal for some isn’t just to survive, but thrive. And, we hope you’ll use these methods to strengthen your skills so you can reap the benefits of language learning. You can leave your practise sentences in the comments or you can even ‘tweet’ at us via @kikikokoNihonGO. Or, you can ask a question. Never be afraid to make mistakes or ask questions, as it’s an important part of learning. And, think, if you ask a question someone else may have, you just inadvertently helped them as well by asking said question.
Remember, you can always reference the grammar lessons AND the vocabulary lessons at the same time by opening a lesson in a separate tab, window or device, then reference the current vocabulary in your main tab.
But, what would these vocabulary words be without knowing how to pronounce them? That’s why we have with us today, our good computer robot friend and quiz creator extraordinaire, QUIZBO™くん！(The ™ is silent)
If you remember from previous instalments, this is a portable version, QUIZBO™ Mini, who lives here on the site. He’ll be here to help sound out these vocabulary words for you. You can click the sound ‘bytes’ as many times as you’d like, QUIZBO™ won’t mind. ( Get it, bytes? … Computer? …We’ll stick to teaching Japanese. )
You can click the 「▶」button as many times as you like, day or night, and he’ll repeat them. Return when these vocabulary words come to mind so that you can keep your pronunciation in check. Though he’s a robot, he’s quite skilled at speaking human language. He’s lovely with tones, as well, and he will read each mora so you can spell it properly in kana.
Are you ready!? Let’s NihonGO!!
Basic Classroom Vocabulary | 基本的な教室の単語 | Adjectives | 形容詞
‼ご注意‼ Many of these words have multiple definitions, but to keep this streamlined, we’ve made sure to include the applicable definitions. Especially with these sort of vague adjectives, you’ll find many different contextual definitions and translations. Anyway! Onto the vocabulary!
amari yasashiku wa nai kedo, bunpou wa hitsuyou nano.
It’s not very easy, but you need grammar.
はじめに、かんじの かきじゅんは ちょっとむずかしかったです。
hajime ni, kanji no kakijun wa chotto muzukashikatta desu.
At first, kanji stroke order was a little difficult.
※This is where at least becoming familiar with the kanji comes into use. Do you remember a homophone fromthe previous lesson? Well, there’s another way to say ‘easy’ as well– well, there’s several ways, but we’ll keep things simple with 易い, yasui. You’ll notice it’s the same kanji, but pronounced differently. When we cover kanji, we’ll delve deeper, but for now, you can simply use this as a way to identify similar meaning. In a different way, 難しい, muzukashii, may be shortened in slang as むずい, muzui, but again, that’s just in very casual language slang. Also, again, these have several definitions based on context, but were going to streamline this for your convenience.
頭がいい【あたまがいい】atama ga ii※
taihen ni atama ga ii ne.
You’re awfully clever (/intelligent)
頭が悪い【あたまがわるい】atama ga warui※
がくせいたちは あたまが わるくないのよ。
gakuseitachi wa atama ga warukunai no yo.
The students are not stupid.
※These are expressions sort of like saying in English you have a ‘good head’ on your shoulders. Obviously, you shouldn’t call someone ‘dumb’, but it’s important to know.
Note: When you’re conjugating, いい, ii, turns to 良い, yoi.
nooto wa kawaii suteikkaa darake desu.
The notebook is covered in cute stickers.
Detestable (or sarcastically: ‘Fantastic’)
kono hasami wa kawaikutemo, nikui da yo! nanimo kirarenai.
These scissors are cute, but they’re detestable! They don’t cut anything.
※A special related yet unrelated helpful hint with Koko:
「Don’t let anyone tell you Japanese language doesn’t have sarcasm. The misconception that Japanese doesn’t have sarcasm is something spread around on the internet that is completely false. Phrases are said 皮肉で, ironically, in Japanese just like any other language. People will say ‘awesome’ when something goes wrong to joke with someone, people will say you have a nice watch, but sometimes it really means you’ve overstayed your welcome, people will use ‘milord’ or ‘professor’ ironically as an honorific.
SO much of Japanese is implied, inferred, and indirect for the sake of politeness or in this case, for the sake of irony. Japanese language is like onions, or maybe like parfaits, it has layers on top of hierarchy on top of interpersonal dynamics wrapped in an enigma wrapped in a vest. So, the next time someone says Japanese speakers don’t have sarcasm, then you can correct them, as even if some people don’t understand English sarcasm, it doesn’t mean there isn’t sarcasm and irony in Japanese. From the outside, things may seem to be at face value from both sides of the language barrier. But, that sort of thing will become more apparent when you delve deeper into the culture and language.」
ninki no aru hon wa nandesuka?
What is a popular book?
ano ryukkusakku wa ninki ga arimasu.
That backpack is popular.
kono keisanki wa funinki desu.
This calculator is unpopular.
教室に 快適な 椅子が あります。
きょうしつに かいてきな いすが あります。
kyoushitsu ni kaiteki na isu ga arimasu.
There are comfortable chairs in the classroom.
いつも ふかいな いすに すわってしちゃう。
itsumo fukai na isu ni suwatte shichau.
I always end up sitting in an uncomfortable chair
Hard to write
ano moji wa kakinikui desu.
That character is difficult to write.
Easy to write
この ぺんで かきやすいですね。
kono pen de kakiyasui desune.
This pen is easy to write with.
kore wa kakiyasui hiraganamoji desu.
This is a hiragana character that is easy to write.
Hard to read
kono hon wa yominikui da yo. furigana wa nai…
This book is difficult to read. It doesn’t have furigana…
Easy to read
ano hon wa yomiyasui desune.
That book is easy to read, isn’t it.
[Find out the pronunciation from this Word of the Week with QUIZBO™くん]
じょーじくんが とったのーとは とてもきれいです。
joojikun ga totta noota wa totemo kirei desu.
The notes George took are neat.
ビリー君が取ったノートは 汚くて 読みにくいよ。
びりーくんがとったのーとは きたなくて よみにくいよ。
biriikun ga totta nooto wa kitanakute yominikui yo.
The notes Billy took were messy and hard to read.
gomibako wa karappo da.
The rubbish bin is empty.
karappo na bakkupakku desu.
It is an empty backpack.
ふでばこは いろえんぴつで いっぱいであります。
fudebako wa iroenpitsude ippari de arimasu.
The pencil case is full of coloured pencils.
Tʜɪs ɪs ᴛʜᴇ ᴇɴᴅ ᴏғＴＡＰＥー２. Don’t forget to turn back over to ＳＩＤＥー Ａ in order to revise and study. However, we haven’t reached the complete end of this topic! Whilst, of course, there are many more related vocabulary words and advanced vocabulary words, we’ll still have more for you to use to create useful sentences and simply properly memorise this Japanese vocabulary. There is certainly enough vocabulary to memorise for the time being, but again, this is a great time to practise grammar. There are so many more ways you can arrange all of the basic sentence elements to create new and interesting sentences, again, that you can use in your daily life to help you learn them.
Remember, it’s about fully ingraining them into your long term memory rather than simply remembering them for a short time. Sometimes it can be a bit frustrating repeating items over and over, but if you have a positive attitude, thinking of studying as a break from the norm whilst making it your norm, and take breaks, walking away if you every feel like it’s a bit much for the moment, then returning when you’re refreshed, then you’ll find learning a much more positive experience. Just a few moments a day can add up. Just be consistent and take it at your own pace.
Something useful at any stage is knowing how to read and write. Writing by hand, even in the digital age, is an essential task to kinaesthetic learning which is useful for anone with any learning style preference. You can even practise wit these vocabulary words! Practise your reading and pronunciation by keeping tabs or windows open with our Reading and Writing lessons. For those learning with us since the beginning, while we were sure to space them out enough to give you time to study, it’s important to return and keep the characters fresh in your mind. And, besides, it’s important to work on your handwriting early on, so you can simply slowly slip into poor handwriting when it’s become second nature.
But, maybe you already had been following the lessons since the beginning, but couldn’t catch the latest because you may have lost track of the days of the week or you didn’t get to see when our content is usually, posted, or maybe you just want to start staying in the know, never missing out on anything again as of this moment forward! Stay up to date without even having to look at the calendar by subscribing to the Electronic Mailing List of Tomorrow, today, found usually at the bottom of the site page or the sidebar on desktop. You’ll get the latest tools and resources to surviving in Japanese language in straight to your inbox. That’s articles, videos, podcasts, and more.
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