ＨＥＬＬＯ！ Ｉ ＡＭ ＱＵＩＺＢＯ™！I am the computer robot friend of Kiki and Koko from Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online. Perhaps you have heard me read Japanese words and characters before, or perhaps you have experienced one of my quizzes. Whether you are a new visitor or a veteran student, I am happy to be a part of your Japanese language learning journey, and I hope that we can continue this journey together. Whether you are looking to expand your vocabulary, practise some grammar, or just dabble in some Japanese vocabulary, Word of the Week Wednesday is the perfect segment for you. But: What is Word of the Week Wednesday?
(After calculating that we have reached the maximum number of ways to reword this explanation, if you have read this explanation in a previous week, the general idea is the same, though it can still be worth a reminder to motivate you and bolster your reasons for participation. But, if you are short of time or want to dedicate more time to revising or studying instead, you may certainly scroll down to the main segment. I will not mind at all! I am only here to assist in your learning experience.)
During what some may refer to as the ‘before times’, the site had begun as a place where Japanese lessons and articles regarding language and culture were regularly created and uploaded regularly, every Monday and Friday. Though such a consistent flow of information would seem to be enough for other sites, it was clear that there could be even more. For between Monday and Friday was a long gap in which there was no new information being presented. Not only was there a long gap between information, but many would forget to return to revise previous lessons. In learning any language, it is important to be consistent, even if it is only once a day. Thus, Japanese Word of the Week Wednesday was born.
Word of the Week Wednesday not only acts as a great reminder for those who have either missed previous lessons or those who simply require revision, returning to previous lessons and articles, but it also gives just enough new information for students and visitors not to feel overwhelmed. Whether it is simply a quick addition to their vocabulary or studying sentence structure and pronunciation or reading, this segment serves beginners and more advanced learners alike. However, What happens during Word of the Week Wednesday?
During Word of the Week Wednesday, with the assistance of Kiki and Koko, a Japanese word or phrase is chosen and presented to you with the possibility of a bonus word, as well. I provide a definition and other useful information about the vocabulary word, and if applicable, Kiki and Koko provide a helpful hint in using the word or phrase. However, that is not the whole of it. I personally sound out each word or phrase aloud for you to repeat as many times as you wish, and you can ask me to say it as many times as you wish. I will never tire of it, as it is my function.
From there, an example sentence is created. You can not only use the sentence to see how the word is used or to see the definition in action, but you can also use it to practise your reading and writing. You can compose your own sentence based on it; you can use it to see examples of grammar; or you can even use it to learn other adjacent vocabulary. Each sentence is written in a way that is useful to beginners through advanced learners. So, there is something for everyone. And, again, I will be there to read it aloud for you. I can only read it at one speed, so there is no need to repeat after me, but it can still assist you in picking out vocabulary within natural speeds of speech. And, if you would like to know more about how to create your own sentences, be sure to consult the grammar section of the Essentials.
And, now it is time for the essential part of this segment, which is the vocabulary! Kiki and Koko will be joining us in their Helpful Hints segment of this corner to assist in today’s vocabulary as well as some context that may be helpful for the future of your language learning journey.
Without further ado, let us NihonGO!!
Word(s) of the Week:
1.dreadful; terrible (ひどい); terrifying; frightening(怖い)
2.fierce; ferocious; ‘menacing’; ‘ghastly’
3.formidable; awesome; terrific (i.e. terrific speed, 恐ろしいスピード)
jlpt n3| common word (常用語)
Bonus Word(s) of the Week:
verb, ichidan（一段動詞）, (名詞), transitive (他動詞)
1. to dread; to fear; to be afraid of（怖がる）
2. to be frightened at（ぎょっとする）
jlpt n3| common word (常用語)
※Helpful Hints with Kiki+Koko
We’re your guides to Japanese language and culture from Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online, Kiki and Koko! And, this time, with the help of QUIZBO™, we’ve brought to you two useful vocabulary words: one an adjective, and the other a verb. If you haven’t already, we recommend having a read of the previous lessons about these parts of speech along with some of their conjugations! You can try your hand at conjugating the adjectives into negative form, past tense, or even listing them alongside previous ones:
But, that’s not all! You can also have a go at conjugating today’s verb! You can identify the verb stem, change to conjunctive form, make it polite, make it negative, make it past tense, and even negative past tense! There’s so many possibilities!
Every Word of the Week Wednesday serves as a useful tool towards practising so many concepts! You can either look at this as a useful way to add to your vocabulary, or you can both add to your vocabulary and practise a mountain of grammar and sentence creation! We’re always here to give you the tools you need to achieve your goals. And, today’s vocabulary seems a bit straightforward, so we’ll only give a couple of hints if you’re having any trouble.
So, this isn’t the only set of vocabulary words meaning someone is frightened of something or something itself is frightening. However, today’s vocabulary definitely implies a sense of dread more so than other vocabulary words that imply simply fear. But, even still, you can see in the definitions that the adjective can bear a different meaning!
「恐ろしい」doesn’t only refer to something that’s frightening 「こわい」or terrible, 「ひどい」. It also can refe to something menacing, such as looking at someone menacingly: 恐ろしい目つきをする, osoroshii metsuki wo suru。It can refer to something tremendous, like a tremendous crowd/turnout, 恐ろしい人出, osoroshii hitode, (which during the early 2020s would certainly be something 恐ろしい). Or, it can refer to something (at) a terrific speed, 恐ろしいスピードで, osoroshii supiido (de). So, when you encounter a word of which you think you may know one definition, always be sure that if it doesn’t quite align with the definition you know, that you take a moment to have another look! Just as in English, many words may have the same nuance, but the usage may make things sound strange if only taking it at face-value.
Either way, 恐ろしい always implies a very strong emotion or a very strong feeling: ghastly, stupendous, extreme, severe– It’s a very strong word when it comes to definition, so be sure it applies when you’re using it so it doesn’t seem overly dramaticーunless that’s what you’re going for.
We hope that helps!! Until the next lesson!
Thank you, Kiki and Koko! It is quite useful to have so many lessons to reference when practising one’s conjugation. It is also useful to have intense words in which people can express strong emotions. It is the hope that the following sentences will also assist you in understanding and using these vocabulary words.
The first row is in Japanese with Kanji. The Next row is in hiragana, then romanised using rōmaji with the final row translated into English.
しっぱいを おそれないでね！それが がくしゅうかていの いちぶだし。
shippai wo osorenai de ne! sore ga gakushuu katei no ichibu dashi.
Don’t be afraid (to make) mistakes! That’s part of the learning process.
おそろしい けいけん なんて！ かんがえだけでも たまらない。
osoroshii keiken nante! kangae dake demo tamaranai.
What a dreadful experience! I can’t bear to think of it.
ぼくは くらやみを おそれないよ！ こどもじゃないし。くらやみのなかに なにが そんざいしてるものを おそれるの。
boku wa kurayami wo osorenai yo! kodomo jyanai shi. Kurayami no naka ni nani ga sonzai shiteru mono wo osoreru no.
I’m not afraid of the dark! I’m not a kid. I fear what exists in the darkness.
That is all for today! But, maybe you have not had enough Japanese vocabulary, yet? Perhaps you would like to learn more vocabulary related to today’s vocabulary? Well, maybe you can give this one a go:🔊Japanese Word(s) of the Week w/ QUIZBO™ | 【心配】+ BONUS:【安心】(+Helpful Hints with Kiki+Koko) Or maybe you want to experience an even broader range of vocabulary. In which case, you can have a look at our fine selection of segments on the main Word of the Week page. Or, you can be sure you are caught up with the latest with the sidebar link: 今週の単語 | Word of the Week. These segments alone serve as weeks of material. Share these segments with your friends and family who may be interested in broadening their Japanese vocabulary, that is if you would like to spread the knowledge and show the fun things you are learning with us. Be sure to return often to keep your pronunciation properly in check, as well! If you have any questions, feel free to contact us, and we will do our best to assist how we can. We hope to see you at the next lesson!
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