ＨＥＬＬＯ！ Ｉ ＡＭ ＱＵＩＺＢＯ™！The robot computer friend of Kiki and Koko. However, I hope that I may become your helpful assisting in your studies in this segment. I welcome you to Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online’s Japanese Word of the Week Wednesday! Though, this segment is still valid on days other than Wednesday, it is meant to break up the three day darkness with the light of a special mid-week segment. Whilst Monday and Friday are for full lessons and articles, this stands as a special time to sit back and absorb the knowledge. But, this is also the perfect time to be reminded of the many lessons you may have missed, or ones you may want to revise / review! Repetition is the key to learning. How do you memorise the lyrics to your favourite cartoon’s opening theme? How do you remember a string of numbers before you get a pen and paper to write them down? How do you remember the name of a law firm before a stakeout like Sagman, Bennett, Robbins, Oppenheim and Taft? It is repetition. And, I hope that by repeating this, you’ll memorise its importance.
Word of the Week is special in that you do not simply learn a Japanese word or phrase that I will pronounce for you personally, but you can absorb so many other morsels of knowledge. As I will create sentences, sometimes assisted by Kiki and/or Koko, you will be able to see how to use the given word. But, depending on the part of speech, you can learn different ways to use different words in sentences as well. You do not need to repeat after the sentences, as I am always reminded by Kiki and Koko not to overload the human mental processing unit, but it would be helpful to repeat after the initial vocabulary word.
The sentences give context to the different ways words are used, but everyone of every learning level can benefit from seeing sentences in three forms: one with romaji which can assist beginners in initial pronunciation before learning to read; hiragana, in order to learn the reading of the kanji; and its original form using kanji, hiragana,and katana.
This will include a Bonus Word of the Week in order to give those who are more advanced or intermediate a chance to learn some new vocabulary in the meantime.
We will also be joined again by Kiki and Koko to assist with some important verb conjugation.
Without further ado, let us NihonGO!!
Word(s) of the Week:
Verb, Godan,（五段動詞）, うVerb, transitive verb
1. to bite
2. to chew
3. to stammer
4. to crash against (i.e. waves)
5. to mesh; to fit together
6. to be involved in
7. to persuade; to convince (archaism)
jlpt n4| common word (常用語)
Bonus Word(s) of the Week:
Verb, Godan,（五段動詞）, うVerb, intransitive verb
1. to bite into; to sink one’s teeth into (usually written in kana)
common word ( 常用語) (but a useful one!)
※Helpful Hints with Kiki+Koko
We’re Kiki and Koko! We’re the hosts and contributors on Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online. And, we’re here to assist you with another Word of the Week vocabulary word! The week this was created, we were continuing to assist you with some useful conjugation for verbs ending in ます. However, there is a previous step to even that which we explain in some previous verb lessons. In fact, we’ll be continuing to reveal to you more of the basics of Japanese verbs. So, segments such as these should provide you with even more verbs with which to practise! Now, as is the nature of this segment, a word that is a bit more advanced was introduced with another that you would see in more basic texts and speech. That isn’t to say that every basic word you learn isn’t used in complex writing, but it’s also fun to look behind the curtain if you’re a beginner to see some more advanced words you may not have thought to look up, and for more advanced learners, it just may be a term you may have never thought to research as well. Though practise is important, there will be more proper quizzing in the following lesson, so we’ll just give you these. However, if you DO want to test yourself: try to get out a piece of paper or anything you can write on, and then try to convert today’s verbs into these three forms, all using masu form:
☆彡Negative Past tense
Now, if you’d like a bit of practise with these concepts, no worries! We’ve already provided a bit of practise in the previous quiz. This can also serve as a bit more time to write down your answers before the conjugation is properly revealed.
Alrighty! That should be just about enough fair warning so we can reveal these to you. And, remember, if you’re not quite there yet when it comes to having a grasp on conjugation, you can still use this as a quick reference in the meantime. It’s always useful to get these sorts of things in your mind for reference.
Let’s say you wanted to politely change ‘bite’ to ‘bit’ and ‘bite into/bit into’ to ‘sang/hummed (to oneself)’
How about another! Let’s say you ‘do not/will not bite’ or you ‘do not/will not bite into’, politely, of course:
And, finally, what if you need to prove your innocence after someone discovers a bite out of their daifuku mochi? Well, you would probably want to say, you ‘did not bite’ or that you ‘did not bite into’ that delicious squishy goodness.
Hopefully that gives you a useful bit of conjugation to reference for now! Just keep on doing your best and eventually it will become natural. Just be patient and give yourself the best chance to learn.
We hope that helps!! Until the next lesson!
Thank you, Kiki and Koko! These conjugations will certainly assist beginners and those learning conjugation alike. Now that a bit of that has been introduced, let us take a moment to listen and read the example sentences in order to understand how these words can be used in everyday speech and otherwise.
The first row is in Japanese with Kanji. The Next row is in hiragana, then romanised using rōmaji with the final row translated into English.
[basic polite speech]
「じゅぎょうちゅう、がむを かむのは きんしです。」と せんせいが いいました。
「jyugyouchuu, gamu wo kamu no wa kinshi desu.」to sensei ga iimashita.
‘Chewing gum is prohibited during class’ said the teacher.
A: いててててっ！ぼくを かんだ！ ぼくに かまれた！どうしよう！？
B：ちっちゃい あまがえるに すぎないけど・・・
A: かわいいかおに だまされるな！いたかったの～
A: itetetete-！boku wo kanda! boku ni kamareta! dou shiyou!?
B：chicchai amagaeru ni suginai kedo…
A: kawaii kao ni damasareru na! itakatta no~
A: Ow-ow-ow-ow! He bit me! I’ve been bitten! What do I do!?
B：It’s just a little tree frog
A: Don’t be fooled by its cute face! It hurt~
ぼくは がむを かまないと べんきょうに しゅうちゅうできない。
boku wa gamu wo kamanai to benkyou ni shuuchuu dekinai.
If I don’t chew gum, I can’t concentrate on my studies.
「ちーずの おおきなかたまりに かぶりついたいの！」とじょーじさんは さけんだ。「りんごのように それを かぶりつくだけ」
「chiizu no ookina katamari ni kaburitsuitai no!」to joojisan wa sakenda.「ringo no you ni sore wo kaburi tsuku dake」
‘I wanna bite into a big hunk of cheese!’ exclaimed George, ‘Just bite into it like it’s an apple’
That is all for today, but you can always have a look at any of our other lessons. Maybe you are interested in another Word of the Week? Perhaps this will be to your liking: 🔊Japanese Word(s) of the Week w/ QUIZBO™ | 【食べる】+ Bonus:【食べ物】(+Helpful Hints with Kiki+Koko). This is another Word of the Week into which you can really sink your teeth. This includes a useful explanation of the kanji in these words along with an important sort of PSA about a vocabulary word you may find on some packaging. We hope to see you there!
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