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[QUIZ] Practise: Dictionary to Masu Form| (辞書形をマス形に)|う-Verbs +る-verbs’ マス形| 動詞の基本| Basics of Japanese Verbs| | Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Japanese Language Learning Essentials

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皆様みんなさま、こんにちにゃあぁ!Welcome to Kiki+Koko: Let’s NihonGO!! Online. While we’ll always be there for you to assist you with your Japanese language learning and Japanese language survival skills, we’re sure you’d also like to be able to actually gain these skills to use on your own. Japanese language learning is very much like life, it’s a journey where no matter how far you go and no matter how old you become, there’s always something new to learn! This idea always makes it a fresh new experience where your mind will always have something new to absorb. It’s always useful to be in a receptive state even if you fancy yourself an expert. But, even still, whether you’re a beginner or an expert, you don’t want your studies to become nothing more than 畳の上の水練、tatami no ue no suiren, roughly translating to: a tatami mat swimming practice. You can practice the strokes on a dry tatami mat, but it’ll all be useless trivia if you can’t jump into the water and at least try to swim. We’ve been presenting you with useful and essential verb conjugation lessons recently; and if Japanese language is a twisting and turning but beautiful forest of knowledge, then today, we’re coming across a creek—Well, more of a stream….—actually, more of a brook— where we’re going to help you find the footing to simply walk across—Or, swim across if you can fit in a brook. 

Kiki Koko and Quizbo Essential masu form u verb crib sheet

Get the ultimate crib sheet for うverbs’ マス形 right here! (That’s a ‘cheat sheet’ for those on the other side of that pond)

So, we’ve been introducing you to concepts surrounding Japanese verbs. However, this time, we’ll be doing a bit more than that. If you’re actively finding new vocabulary words with our lessons or weekly segmentsor cadging entries from a dictionary—you’ll need more than just the know-how to use the words. You’ll have to actually be able to prepare them yourself! That’s where we come in. Today’s quiz won’t be about knowing the vocabulary words, it will be about conjugating the 辞書形, jishokei, into マス形。Remember, we’ve already provided you with all of the tools you need, including a crib sheet for う-verbs, but these skills can take time to develop, and if you don’t feel confortable or confident enough to get all of these correct, that’s alright! These quizzes don’t act as simply a way to see your skill level, but also, as a way to practise! Once you have all of the rules, the best way to learn the game is to play the game. And, don’t worry, you can repeat this as many times as you like. Just refresh the page or revisit the page and it will both reset the answers and scramble them. The order of the questions stay the same, but the answers to them mix up so you won’t find yourself memorising A-B-C-D instead of actually learning the material. 

 

Kiki Koko and Quizbo Essential basics of verbs intro  Kiki Koko and Quizbo Essential basics of verbs intro jisho 1Kiki Koko and Quizbo Essential basics of verbs intro gokan  Kiki Koko and Quizbo Essential basics of verbs intro masu form

Now, when we trek out into the forest to prepare to traverse that brook, you’ll need the above survival tools! Other than the Starter Kit from the Essentials section, you’ll need the crib sheet for う-verbs, and if you haven’t made it that far, and you’re not even sure what a マス形 is, then we suggest you stock up your pack with 「マス形とは?|What is Masu form? | 動詞の基本| Basics of Japanese Verbs| |( マス形intro)・・・」. For those who already understand this, it may seem like a bit much to practise, but for those who aren’t quite confident after the very short amount of time between our introduction till now—which would be natural not to be—this is an important milestone to focus on, as forging those mental pathways towards knowing this concept will make the future concepts a little less daunting. Not to frighten anyone, of course, but this is the thinner portion of the forest, and as we forge onward, the trees will start to get a bit denser and the ground a bit more chockablock with underbrush. But, fear not! As we’re going to lead you through this. Soon, you’ll be able to traverse this brook backwards and forwards, but take your time! You wouldn’t want to slip or trip and get hurt.


Verb Conjugation Practice |日本語の動詞の変化(活用形)の練習

Dictionary form to Masu form|辞書形からマス形に

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あなたならできますよ!Let’s NihonGO!!

So, this isn’t only going to assist you with the final conjugation to マス形; it will also assist you with identifying the type of verb as well as the stem so that when you come across a random verb in the while, you’ll be able to prepare it and conjugate it with the correct recipe every time. Feel free to reference the crib sheet or turn it up to hard mode going it alone with only what you can fit in your mental Japanese language survival kit.

Simply follow the directions for each question and answer by choosing the most appropriate multiple choice question’s option. QUIZBO™くん doesn’t have anything to read, this time, but he’s just here to cheer you on! Let’s NihonGO!!


Scenario 1

Let’s start with a step-by-step scenario:
You find the word: 「寝る」neru, in the dictionary. 

「寝る」は、何段活用の動詞ですか。
What verb conjugation class is「ねる」? 
一段 (ichidan) (る-verb)
○Correct!!正解!
二段 (nidan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
四段 (yodan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
五段(godan) (う verb)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!

「寝る」の連用形をお選びしてください。
Please choose the conjunctive form of 「ねる」。
寝 (ね)ne
○Correct!!正解!
寝り(ねり)neri
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
寝し(ねし)neshi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
寝r(ねr) ner
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!


「寝る」のマス形をお選びしてください。
Please choose the masu form of 「ねる」。
寝ます(ねます)nemasu
○Correct!!正解!
寝ります(ねります)nerimasu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
寝します(ねします)neshimasu 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
寝す (ねす) nesu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!



Whew! So, that was scenario one. That’s the basic idea of this activity. If you’re not comfortable with conjugation, it will lead you through part of the process, but if you are, it will serve as useful practice either way. Let’s move onto the next one, you’re doing great!!



Scenario 2

You discover the word: 「乗る」noru, in the lesson: 🔊 Baby, You Can Drive My Car 

「乗る」は、何段活用の動詞ですか。(ちょっとむずいかもしらない!)
What verb conjugation class is「のる」? (It may be a little tricky!)
五段(godan) (う verb)
○Correct!!正解!Great job! This was a bit tricky as there are some verbs that you just might not know at a glance. The 「る」next to a kanji character isn’t always indicative of a る verb.
二段 (nidan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
四段 (yodan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
一段(ichidan) (る verb)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! This is one of the tricky ones we mentioned on the crib sheet。 Don’t feel badly, though! There are some verbs you simply have to look up or memorise in order to know.

「乗る」の語幹をお選びしてください。(ヒント:連用形と同じではありません。)
Please choose the stem of 「のる」。(Hint: It’s not the same as the conjunctive form)
乗r(のr) nor 
○Correct!!正解!
乗(の)no
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
乗し(のし)noshi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
乗り (のり)nori
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! You’re getting a bit too ahead of us, but we like your spunk, kid.


「乗る」の連用形をお選びしてください。(Hint:語幹→連用形)
Please choose the conjunctive form of 「のる」。(Hint: Stem→Conjunctive form)
乗り (のり)nori
○Correct!!正解!
乗(の)no
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
乗し(のし)noshi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
乗r(のr) nor
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! That would be the stem, but we’re going one step further with the conjunctive form.


「乗る」のマス形をお選びしてください。
Please choose the masu form of 「のる」。
乗ります(のります)norimasu
○Correct!!正解!
乗ます(のます)nomasu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
乗るます(のるます)norumasu 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
乗す。 (のす) nosu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!



Verbs can be a fickle mistress. Let’s see how you fair with the next one! 



Scenario 3

Whilst reading and listening to a previous Word of the Week segment with QUIZBO™, you see and hear the word: 「読む」yomu.

「読む」は、何段活用の動詞ですか。
What verb conjugation class is「よむ」?
五段(godan) (う verb)
○Correct!!正解!
二段 (nidan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
四段 (yodan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
一段(ichidan) (る verb)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!

「読む」の語幹をお選びしてください。(ヒント:連用形と同じではありません。)
Please choose the stem of 「読む」。(Hint: It’s not the same as the conjunctive form)
読m(よm) yom 
○Correct!!正解!
読(よ)yo
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
読し(よし)yoshi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
読み (読み)yomi
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! Still a bit too far ahead, but you’ve got moxie.


「読む」のをお選びしてください。(Hint:語幹→連用形)
Please choose the conjunctive form of 「よむ」。(Hint: Stem→Conjunctive form)
読み (のり)nori
○Correct!!正解!
読(よ)yo
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
読し(よし)yoshi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
読m(よm) yom
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! That would be the stem, but we’re going one step further with the conjunctive form.


「読む」のマス形をお選びしてください。
Please choose the masu form of 「よむ」。
読みます(読みます)yomimasu
○Correct!!正解!
読ます(よます)yomasu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
読むます(よむます)yomumasu 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
読す。 (よす) yosu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!



Scenario 4

On a translation app, you find your verb is translated into a dictionary form. Unable to use this word in your everyday speech in dictionary form, you need to figure out how to conjugate the verb : 「笑う」warau, into masu form.

「笑う」は、何段活用の動詞ですか。
What verb conjugation class is「わらう」?
五段(godan) (う verb)
○Correct!!正解!
二段 (nidan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
四段 (yodan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
一段(ichidan) (る verb)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!

「笑う」の語幹をお選びしてください。(ヒント:連用形と同じではありません。)
Please choose the stem of 「読む」。(Hint: It’s not the same as the conjunctive form)
笑(わら) wara
○Correct!!正解!
わrwar
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! Remember the recipe and where you chop the ‘stem’ of this type of verb.
笑し(わらし)warashishi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
笑い (わらい)warai
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! Ah-ha! Not so fast, Eager McBeaver. We’re not quite that far, yet. But, good hustle, out there, sport. 


「笑う」のをお選びしてください。(Hint:語幹→連用形)
Please choose the conjunctive form of 「わらう」。(Hint: Stem→Conjunctive form)
笑い (わらい)warai
○Correct!!正解!
わい wai
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
笑し(わらし)warashi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
笑(わら) warau
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! That would be the stem, but we’re going one step further with the conjunctive form.


「読む」のマス形をお選びしてください。
Please choose the masu form of 「よむ」。
笑います(わらいます)waraimasu
○Correct!!正解!
笑ます(わらます)waramasu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
笑うます(わらうます)waraumasu 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
笑す。 (わらす) warasu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!



You’re doing well! Hang in there! 



Scenario 5

Whilst reading and listening to another previous Word of the Week segment with QUIZBO™, you see and hear the word: 「降る」furu.

「降る」は、何段活用の動詞ですか。(ちょっとむずいかもしらない!)
What verb conjugation class is「ふる」? (It may be a little tricky!)
五段(godan) (う verb)
○Correct!!正解!Great job! This was a bit tricky as there are some verbs that you just might not know at a glance. The 「る」next to a kanji character isn’t always indicative of a る verb.
二段 (nidan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
四段 (yodan)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
一段(ichidan) (る verb)
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! This is one of the tricky ones we mentioned on the crib sheet。 Don’t feel badly, though! There are some verbs you simply have to look up or memorise in order to know.

「降る」の語幹をお選びしてください。(ヒント:連用形と同じではありません。)
Please choose the stem of 「のる」。(Hint: It’s not the same as the conjunctive form)
降r(ふr) fur 
○Correct!!正解!
降(ふ)fu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
降ら(降ら)fura 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
降り (ふり)furi
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! Hold on, there, Jethro!We’ll get to conjunctive form soon enough. Step by step!


「乗る」の連用形をお選びしてください。(Hint:語幹→連用形)
Please choose the conjunctive form of 「のる」。(Hint: Stem→Conjunctive form)
降り (ふり)furi
○Correct!!正解!
降(ふ)fu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
降し(ふし)fushi 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
乗r(のr) nor
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite! That would be the stem, but we’re going one step further with the conjunctive form.


「降る」のマス形をお選びしてください。
Please choose the masu form of 「ふる」。
降ります(ふります)furimasu
○Correct!!正解!
降ます(ふます)fumasu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
降るます(ふるます)furumasu 
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!
降す。 (ふす) fusu
✖惜しいなあ!Not quite!



That’s all the questions for this time, but there will certainly be more opportunities to practise in future! 



Well done, you! Did you get a lot of those green answers to light up? Or was your experience full of red letters. In any case, we’re proud of you! Without making mistakes, it’s impossible to proceed onto even bigger and more complex concepts. We hope this served as an opportunity for you to have an active part in conjugating so that you hopefully become acclimated to doing so. If you’re a fast learner, and it felt as though it wasn’t a lot to do, it’s still important, as even if these seem simple to some, it’s important to really understand the process as these will become more complex when we move along, and we’d like to make sure you have all of the more basic steps letter-perfect so that you can have a natural progression to the next steps without feeling like you’re already behind. In any language, there’s really nothing too simple to be explained! Everything builds upon each other and has its own unique complexities that deserve attention.

And, all in all, we’re here to guide you through these ideas, not drag you through them. We want you to be able to take these steps on your own as we lead and provide the sustenance and tools you need to survive! If there are any verbs you ever have any questions about, you can leave a comment below or contact us through social media as to spread the knowledge even further. Always be sure to be patient with yourself when you’re learning something new, and have realistic time-tables and goals as not to leave yourself overwhelmed. It’s your language learning journey! Only you can know what you do and don’t understand and the time and methods that work best for you. We’re just here to give tools for every learning style we can.

We hope that we’ve continued to be a useful source for your Japanese studies. We want to be there for you in your Japanese language learning journey for years to come. Your support helps others just like you who also want to continue to keep these educational tools available to everyone. Perhaps during your busy week, you may forget which days we upload, or what day of the week it is.  By subscribing to the Electronic Mailing List of Tomorrow, today, found usually at the bottom of the site page or the sidebar on desktop, you won’t ever have to remember what day of the week it is, again! Also, you’ll be the first to be notified as otherwise, hours before everyone else. You’ll get the latest tools and resources to surviving in Japanese language in straight to your inbox. That’s articles, videos, podcasts, and more.

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Speaking of which, we want to continue to keep this virtual classroom open and thriving for you, providing even more language learning content and activities, whether you want to just learn a bit for fun or become fluent. You can allow us to fulfil our goals of living out our mission to teach Japanese language and culture to Earthlings—whilst living in proper shelter with warmth at the mercy of advertisers— as well as ensure the continuation of the creation of new and even better content by leaving a TIP in the TIP♡JAR to keep it going. But! You can also support the content when you purchase any artwork from ieindigoeast.redbubble.com (making sure to use our special redbubble link). But, if there’s something that isn’t from our theme, you can always drop Indigo East a ‘Bubblemail’ if you want to specify that you would like it to go towards this content. Or for long or even short term contributions, you can join our Patreon where our gracious host, Indigo East, usually posts behind-the-scenes, sneak-peeks, exclusive content, and more. And, we join in as well! Again, if you’d like to support  our survival and the creation of more content to be made available to as many people as possible, you can also share the content! You can easily share via Twitter and Pinterest where you can retweet and repin respectively without even having to type! Gestures like that go a long way, and we appreciate it. We just want to do our best to fulfil our mission.

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Stay safe, everyone!! 頑張ってくださいね!
♡Kiki+Koko

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